Indonesia is an exceptionally interesting country, due to its size, ethnic diversity and rich history.
Here are things you probably didn’t know about Indonesia along with some ideas of what to see.
1. Indonesia is a massive country. Flying from one end to the other, from North Sumatra to West Papua,takes over twelve hours of flying time. Indonesia is an archipelago of around 17,508 islands with a land area of 1,919,440 square kilometers. To put this into perspective, theUK has a land area of 244,820 square kilometers, while theUS covers 9,629,091 square kilometers. And also Indonesia is the world’s largest maritime waters covering an area of 93 thousand km2 and a coastline of about 81 thousand km2, or almost 25% of long beaches in the world.
2. The equator cuts straight across the middle of Indonesia, crossing Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesiand various smaller islands. If you’re in the area, consider visiting the equator line for some cheesy, but irresistible photos.
3. Situated on the Pacific Ring of Fire, Indonesiais home to numerous volcanoes, an estimated 150 volcanoes throughout the entire country. In general they are not a threat, and many volcanic areas make great tourist attractions likeMountBromo, East Java, or Tangkuban Perahu,West Java. There can, however, be eruptions and visitors should check whether it is safe before setting off to a volcanic area.
4. Head away from the densely populated islands of Java and Bali to find vast areas of tropical rainforest, which support the world’s second highest level of biodiversity (afterBrazil). Natural resources are abundant inIndonesia but the sustainable use of these is often blighted by problems with corruption and poverty. Guided treks are available in the jungles of Kalimantan andSumatra, among other islands.
5. Indonesiais the forth most populous country in the world with over 238 million people and the world’s largest Muslim population, though some areas have Hindu or Christian majorities. Java is the world’s most populous island.
6. Religion is important in Indonesia, where every citizen must officially subscribe to one of six recognized religions, regardless of their actual religious practices. Two individuals of different religions may not marry, unless they convert so that they share a religion.
7. There are over 300 ethnic groups in Indonesia, each with their own customs and traditions. This makes Indonesia extremely culturally diverse. Why not watch some performing arts or buy some locally produced handicrafts while you’re there?
8. Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia) is the national language of Indonesia, used in schools and other state-run enterprises, as well as in the media. However, Indonesiah as over 700 indigenous languages, meaning that many Indonesians are bilingual, speaking their indigenous language at home and Indonesian at work or school.
9. Fossilised remains of “Java man” or Homo erectus, have been found at sites across Java, suggesting thatthe area was inhabited two million to 500,000 years ago. You can see the fossils at Sangiran, near Surakarta in Central Java.
10. Indonesia, a republic with a president, has been independent since 1945. Independence Day is celebrated on 17th August every year, with flag-raising ceremonies, neighborhoods competitions and games for children. If you’re in Indonesia in August, find out what will be happening where you are staying.
11. Indonesia is the country with the largest tribes in the world. There are more than 740 tribes / ethnic group, which in Papua alone there are 270 tribes.
12. Countries with the largest regional languages, namely, 583 languages and dialects of the 67 main languages used by various tribes in Indonesia. The national language is Indonesian language although most areas with the number of users in Indonesia is the Javanese language
13. Buddhist monument (temple) in the world is the Borobudur temple in Central Java with a height of 42 meters (10 levels) and long relief more than 1 km. It is estimated that made for 40 years by the Sailendra dynasty in ancient Mataram Kingdom period (750-850). Borobudur temple.
14. Place the discovery of ancient human oldest in the world, namely: Pithecanthropus Erectus dating from 1.8 million years ago. Pithecanthropus Erectus.
15. This country has the largest tropical forest in the world. This tropical forest has a total area 39,549,447 hectares, with biodiversity and plasmanutfah comprehensive in the world. It is located on the island of Sumatra, Kalimantan and Sulawesi. Actually, if this country wants the apocalypse is very easy for them. Cutting all the trees in the forest, the earth must apocalypse. Because the earth is very dependent once with tropical forests to maintain the balance of the climate because of the Amazon rain forest is not strong enough to balance the Earth’s climate and now they little by sediki has mengkancurkanya only to a handful of people who have money to estate and golf course. How ironic.
16. Indonesia ranks first in agricultural products, namely: Clove (cloves) and nutmeg (nutmeg), and No. 2 in natural rubber (Natural Rubber) and crude palm oil (Crude Palm Oil).
17. Indonesia is the largest exporter of plywood (plywood), which is about 80% in the world market.
18. Coral Reef (Coral Reef) Indonesia is the richest (18% of the world total).
19. Indonesia has the most shark species are 150 species.
20. Biodiversity Orchid terbeser world: six thousand species of orchids, ranging from the largest (or Grammatophyllum speciosum Tiger Orchid) to the smallest (Taeniophyllum, leafless), including Black Orchid rare and found only in Papua.
Has the largest mangrove forest in the world. This plant is useful to prevent sea water erosion / abrasion.
Ancient animals were still alive: Komodo which exist only on Komodo Island, NTT is the largest lizard in the world. Can reach 3 meters in length and weighs 90 kg. Komodo.
21. Rafflesia Arnoldii grows in Sumatra is the largest flower in the world. When the flowers bloomed, reaching one meter in diameter. Rafflesia arnoldii.
22. Has the world’s smallest primate, the Pygmy Tarsier (Tarsius pumilus) or Mount Tarsier also called the length is only 10 cm. Animals are like monkeys and their life on this tree found in Sulawesi. Pygmy Tarsier.
23. The discovery of the world’s longest snake, Python Reticulates along 10 meters in Sulawesi.
24. The world’s smallest fish found recently in the muddy swamps of Sumatra. 7.9 mm long when mature or approximately mosquitoes. Fish body is transparent and does not have a bone head.
Was there anything we missed? What else do you know and love about Indonesia? Let us know!